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ACT英语必备句子成分

2016/3/21 14:28:39 来源: 上海现代文化技术培训学院| 阅读量:4989

下面就让小编来为大家介绍一下ACT英语必备句子成分吧,大家要好好把握,希望能够给准备参加ACT考试的同学带来帮助。
ACT English必备句子成分,句子成分,顾名思义,就是句子的组成部分。总体来说,英语中的句子成分共有六种,分别如下:
无论是ACT,还是SAT,对句子成分的考察都可谓是细致入微。有些学生认为,学习英语不用注意这些条条框框,仅凭语感即可。对于简单的句子来说,我们或许能够凭感觉予以攻破;然而,有些复杂的句子,倘若不弄清楚句子成分,并理清句子结构,我们是很难道破其中的玄机的。正所谓"细节决定成败",同学们必须把基本功夯实,才能够在各种考试中所向披靡。
1、主语(Subject)是一个句子中的主体,常由名词、代词或者起同等作用的词语充当,一般置于句首。如:
The sun rises in the east.I love English very much.
Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。
2、谓语(Predicate)用来说明主语的动作或者状态,常由动词充当,位于主语之后。如:
It was raining when she arrived at the airport.
She accepts his proposal at last.
3、宾语(Object)指承担谓语动作的对象,常由名词、代词或者同等作用的词语担任,置于及物动词或者介词之后。如:
She only eats an apple every morning to lose weight.
Our parents love us heart and soul.
He is extremely fond of swimming.
4、补语(Complement)和表语(Predicative),补语用来对主语和宾语进行补充,以使其意思更加完整,一般主要说明主语或宾语的特征,常由名词或形容词担任。表语即是连系动词(be动词、become等词)后面的主语补语。如:
Jane was declared the champion of the match.(主语Jane的补语)
People consider the plan feasible.(宾语plan的补语)
The young lady is elegant.(表语,表明主语The young lady的特征)
Lucy was a teacher before she came to China.(表语,指出主语Lucy的身份)
5、定语(Attribute)用于限定或者修饰名词或者其他相当于名词作用的词语,常由形容词、相当于形容词的短语或者从句充当。形容词常置于名词之前,其他两种定语则位于名词之后。如:
The young lady picked him up every afternoon.
She has a great desire to travel around the world.
The boy who wears a pair of glasses is Harry Porter.
6、状语(Adverbial)用于修饰动词、形容词、副词乃至整个句子,常由副词或者具有同等作用的短语或从句充当。如:
Lily performed well in the contest.
Honestly, I do not know how to solve this problem.
As time goes by, we have a much better understanding of each other.
有时候,形容词或者过去分词也可以充当状语,如:
Cold and hungry, the little girl died in the night.
Preoccupied with his work, he has no time to care for his family.


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